Customer story: Simplygon saves time, improves visual quality and performance for Forza Motorsport 7

Written by Arthur Shek

Forza screen shot

Forza Motorsport 7 showing LODs in context across a broad range of asset types.

Asset creation is expensive, performance and visuals are critical for our game

At Turn 10, hitting our visual and performance goals of a rock solid 60fps at native resolution on Xbox requires us to author highly optimized assets with multiple levels-of-detail (LOD). Manually creating LOD’s could take up to 30% of our individual asset creation time. We looked to Simplygon to help us find a solution that would reduce or even eliminate this extra workload. Ultimately, we chased three major goals with our LOD creation for Forza Motorsport 7:

  1. Improved in-game performance
  2. Visual Improvements (less LOD popping)
  3. Increased Production Efficiency / Authoring Speed Using Simplygon, we were able to achieve all these goals.

We invested heavily in Simplygon, fully integrating it into our tools and pipelines

Turn 10 used Simplygon in two major areas to ship Forza Motorsport 7 (FM7).

  • Auto-generating track/environment object LOD’s
  • Auto-generating a ProxyLOD of our cars with minimal draw calls

Previously (in Forza Motorsport 5 and 6), we used a combination of manual LOD creation and one-off efforts with Simplygon, but for FM7 we went “all in”.

Track LOD

For FM7 we set a goal to auto-generate 90+% of our track object LODs using Simplygon. This was a considerable commitment since, on average, about 2/3 of the tens of thousands of objects on a given track have LOD’s. Simplygon is now built into our proprietary track editor, Fuel. With some simple configuration options, artists can run models through Simplygon via 3DS Max.

Track LOD Screen

Screen capture of our proprietary track editor, Fuel, which now integrates Simplygon.

Our Environment team set up unique Simplygon templates for different categories of objects (i.e. raceday, buildings, signage, etc.). This level of customization allows us to specify different levels of decimation based on various algorithms, such as screen coverage and areas of importance. Using the proper templates, we are able to get higher quality LODs while significantly dropping the triangle count, netting better visuals with improved performance.

Auto LOD Screen

An example of a unique template for track objects.

LOD Example 1 LOD Example 2

Simplygon templates allow artists to trade-off higher quality LODs with significantly reduced triangle count, with profiles to suit different types of objects

Car ProxyLOD

When the Forza Motorsport franchise moved to 24 cars on track (from the previous 16 cars), we had the desire to render the 9 cars furthest from the player with a new low-cost LOD. With a budget of 33 microseconds to render each car, we could only achieve this if we rendered the entire car in a single draw call. We were able to accomplish this using Simplygon’s ProxyLOD along with Simplygon’s SDK to create a topology mapping buffer (T-buffer). At race load time, we fetch the T-buffer to build material buffers that are used to render the car. We do this step at run-time instead of pre-baking the proxy to allow for custom paint liveries that our players may have applied.

T-buffer overview

Overview of our solution using Simplygon to create the low detail mesh and texture (T-buffer)

Car lowest LOD

Close-up of our previous lowest LOD

Car proxy LOD

Our new optimized LOD renders the car in a single draw call by using Simplygon (seen much closer than a customer would see on track)

Track lowest LOD

Another previous lowest LOD image (more in context)

Track lowest LOD

The same image using the new, efficient Simplygon proxy LOD.

24 cars

24 cars with the furthest 9 using Simplygon generated meshes and textures

Simplygon comment

Since Simplygon 9 you can create geometry data textures in the same manner as Turn 10 did in Forza 7. The geometry data casting example shows how this works.

In conclusion…

Investing heavily in Simplygon turned out to be a huge win for our team. We incorporated Simplygon into our proprietary editor, used templates to generate higher quality LOD’s with significantly reduced triangle count, and took advantage of Simplygon’s ProxyLOD and SDK to allow us to render additional cars on track. Simplygon helped us achieve our three major goals of improving in-game performance, raising visual quality, and reducing asset authoring time by up to 30%. We found Simplygon to be easy to use, well supported by the development team, and simple to integrate into our existing tools and pipelines. We will be using Simplygon as a critical element of our development process as we continue to grow the Forza Motorsport franchise.

About Turn 10

Located in Redmond, Washington, Turn 10 Studios is the creator of the Forza franchise and the developer of the Forza Motorsport series of games. Turn 10 Studios is a division of Xbox Games Studios and was established in 2001 as a first-party game developer. The studio’s first game – the original Forza Motorsport – launched in May 2005. With an emphasis on cutting edge simulation and showcasing both Xbox Live as well as the Xbox hardware, the game launched to critical acclaim. It quickly gathered a passionate automotive community, known equally for its driving skill and artistic creativity. Since then, the series has become a favorite for gamers and automotive enthusiasts around the world. As a first party studio, Turn 10 is on the leading edge of technology innovation within the larger gaming organization at Microsoft and has created amazing experiences built to show off the best of first-party hardware and services, including Xbox Live, Kinect, and the Xbox One X. At Turn 10 our goal is to make great racing games that represent the passion and diversity of our studio and our community all over the world.

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